Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurological condition, defined by an impairment in executive functions, which can cause children and adults to struggle with inattentiveness, impulsivity, hyperactivity or a combination. There are different types of ADHD, where some kids may struggle with following instructions due to a poor working memory, or perhaps an individuals with a diagnosis of ADHD may exhibit impulsive, challenging behaviour which could be dangerous to themselves and/or others. Children with ADHD children may find it difficult to concentrate in classroom settings, pay attention, follow instructions and may ask struggle with transitioning between activities and finishing tasks.
Pathological Demand Avoidance (PDA) is condition which falls under the ASD umbrella. Research into PDA is still at an early stage but individuals with a diagnosis of PDA are likely to display traits consistent with a diagnosis of ASD but with some additional characteristics. These characteristics include a desire to control situations and extreme avoidance of demands.
Children with PDA can find it difficult to follow instructions from adults, follow routines at home and school and develop and maintain social relationships.
Pathological Avoidance Society